June 23, 2012 would have been the 100th birthday of Alan Turing. And you can hardly celebrate his memory with something fluffy and brightly colored. Instead, there are a series of 1s and 0s and arrows pointing to left and right.
Alan Turing is British mathematician, codebreaker, computing and artificial-intelligence pioneer — is a genius for all time. Turing machine is the Base of today’s computer, if it wasn’t for Turing Machine today’s computer won’t be what they are.
This Turing machine doodle, unlike most other doodles isn’t meant for general Google users but is instead targeted towards those with a knowledge of computer programming, this is the smartest Google doodle till date.
In an act of utter disgrace, for which the British government only apologized in 2009, Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1952. He was chemically castrated and died in 1954 (aged 41) after biting into an apple laced with cyanide. At the time, an inquest declared this to be suicide. However, some believe his death was an accident.
This was the man who had helped crack the German Enigma code, a great step toward bringing a successful end to World War II. In return, he was prosecuted for gross indecency and given the choice of prison or experimental chemical castration.
He chose the latter. His conviction meant he could no longer work for the British government. (He was one of around 100,000 gay men convicted at the time.)
Oh and here is how to solve it
So today, to join the celebration, here is Alan Turing by the numbers:
?1912 — Alan Mathison Turing is born June 23 in London, though his parents live in India (his father works for the Indian Civil Service.till 1926).
1930 — Turing’s boyhood friend Christopher Morcom dies; it’s believed this was Turing’s first love. Morcom’s death sparks Turing’s intellectual journey into physics.
1931 — Enters King’s College, Cambridge, where he would study and then teach for years.
24 — The age at which Turing presents his paper “On Computable Numbers,” which introduces the concept of “algorithms” and the Turing machine proof, becoming the basis for the modern theory of computability. His ideas on this universal machine are the intellectual launch-pad for the modern computer. He is also viewed as the father of artificial intellgience.
1938 — Turing returns to England and begins to work on cryptanalytics at the Governnment Code and Cypher School. By the end of the next year, working at Bletchley Park, he would begin to crack the Nazis’ “unbreakable” Enigma code — as his mathematical brilliance has real-world consequences, helping to save thousands of lives and perhaps shortening World War II.
1951 — Turing is elected as fellow of the Royal Society.
39 — The age at which Turing is arrested and tried for gross indecency because of his relationship with a Manchester man; Turing is outspoken about his homosexuality. He chooses estrogen treatments over prison time. Some say the treatments take a heavy toll on him not only physically, but mentally.
41 — On June 7, 1954, at age 41, Turing dies; the coroner calls it a suicide by cyanide poisoning. According to lore, Turing bit into a cyanide-laced apple (the 1996 BBC biopic “Breaking the Code” even makes allusions to Snow White), but some say he ate the fruit simply to counter the poison’s bitter taste.
2009 — Prime Minister Gordon Brown officially apologizes for the British government’s postwar treatment of Turing — but therer is no pardon.
2012 — In what is declared the “Turing year,” the great man and mind is celebrated the world over.
The DNetWorks Team